Monday, March 14, 2011


Like myself, both Doug Cummings and David D'Arcy caught Jafar Panahi's Offside when it screened at the 2006 Toronto International Film Festival (TIFF). At Film Journey, Doug Cummings characterized Offside as Panahi's "most vibrantly energetic and entertaining film to date, without compromising his social vision one iota." Doug explained that part of the film's "subversive brilliance" was that it's a highly patriotic film through characters who "are not dissenters, but rabid fans as equally committed to the sporting cause as the next person. Their only 'fault'—as suggested by one prisoner—was to be born female."

Greencine, David D'Arcy wrote: "Not to overplay the obvious metaphors, but Panahi is presenting Iranian women unveiled. Not uncovered, since they're in boys' clothes. No one's claiming that these fans represent all Iranian women—a claim that would be far too abstract or didactic for a filmmaker of Panahi's refinement—yet there's a determination and a women's solidarity here that the regime surely isn't going to welcome. You'll be struck by the earthiness of what they say. There's nothing like the right jeer to deflate pomposity."

With its inclusion in YBCA's "Iran Beyond Censorship" film series, I revisit Jafar Panahi's Q&A session when
Offside screened at the TIFF 2006, made all the more poignant by recent events. [This is not for the spoiler-wary!]

* * *

Panahi introduced
Offside by first thanking the festival for showing his new film so that he could have the experience of sitting and watching it with the rest of us to see how he felt about it. An avid soccer fan, five years previously his daughter took him by surprise by insisting she come to a soccer game with him. He advised her that, unfortunately, he couldn't take her with him because they wouldn't let her in; but, she insisted on going. He told her, okay, I will take you there, but, there's one thing you have to know: if they don't let you in, you'll have to find your way home yourself because I'm still going to go into the game.

When they arrived at the game, Panahi went up the guards and asked them if his daughter could accompany him into the stadium. Of course they refused. He was about to begin begging them to let her in when his daughter pulled him aside and told him there was no reason for him to beg on her account. She told him to go on in and she would get in "her way." He went inside thinking that would be the end of that but within 10 minutes she was sitting beside him. How did you manage that, he asked her, how did you get in? She told him that women had their own ways of getting in. This is what gave Panahi the idea for
Offside. He became fascinated by the strategies women were forced to use just to watch a soccer match.

Regretting that his daughter couldn't attend the Toronto festival because he would have liked to dedicate the screening to her; Panahi alternately dedicated the screening to a good friend of his daughter's who was able to attend.

Afterwards, when asked what would have happened to the girls if they hadn't gotten away from the vice squad, Panahi explained that usually—if it's a first time offense—girls will be locked up for a couple of days and then their parents have to come get them. The parents have to promise the authorities that their daughters will never do anything like that again. If they get caught again, the penalties get heavier.

In the film, Iran wins the game in the final half and the ensuing celebration constitutes the latter scenes of the film. Since Panahi appeared to be filming in real time on location, someone asked Panahi if he had an alternate ending in mind should Iran have lost? Of course, he was personally praying for Iran to win but, yes, it would have been a real problem for him filming-wise if Iran has lost because, no, he wasn't prepared for any other outcome, he was really wishing they would win, and wishing they would score later in the game just as they did, and wouldn't have known what to do if it had happened otherwise.

Towards the end of the film, one of the girls starts crying during the celebration and then asks a young man selling fireworks if he will sell her seven sparklers, which he does, lighting them for her. Panahi was asked what the significance was of the seven sparklers? Panahi related that, before this game, there had been a match between Iran and Japan. There were so many people at this game that, as the crowd was leaving, seven individuals were trampled to death. The girl in the film alludes to the fact that she had wanted to attend the game in remembrance of her friend, who was one of the seven, and not because of any overriding interest on her part in the game itself. What was especially tragic about this event was that the reason it happened was because there was a military helicopter at the stadium that wasn't supposed to be there. Apparently some big brass was at the game and the helicopter had come to fetch him, even though it was not supposed to be there. To keep the crowds away from the helicopter, they were hosed with water. It was very cold and the water made the ground slippery, causing the seven people to fall and be trampled. As a matter of fact, after this incident the Iranian press only showed six pictures of the seven people killed, six photos of six young men, and it is rumored that the seventh was a young woman who had snuck into the game. Panahi felt it was important to pay tribute to this seventh victim who was rumored to be female.

Panahi was asked if
Offside would show in Iran? He related that earlier in February, Offside had actually screened at a film festival in Iran, a first for Panahi, and he had hoped this would lead to a wider distribution of the film, especially before the World Cup. Unfortunately, that didn't end up being the case. Asked if the young women playing the protagonists had any previous acting experience, Panahi verified that none of the actors in his film, male or female, were professionals; they were appearing in front of the camera for the first time in their lives.

Panahi was asked if he felt that—within his lifetime, making his progressive films, and with many other cultural changes occurring in Iran—there would be significant change in his country? Conceding that his culture is a very old one and that his country has had many difficulties that they've had to overcome, Panahi acknowledged that Iran was going through another very difficult period that all Iranians must endure. He prays that this difficult time will not last too long and that this "tiny" human freedom that they are struggling to have—that everyone should have—will fall within their grasp. Of course he remains hopeful and optimistic and his aim is to be a witness to history of the difficult times his country is going through. He hopes to leave a "print" of this period, to show what the Iranian people have suffered, but how they have persevered.

Cross-posted at Twitch.


Russell Lucas said...

Thanks for re-posting this, Maya. I saw this at Toronto in '06, too-- I was at the Sunday night screening-- and after the film was over I remember saying to Rob Davis that OFFSIDE was about the most accessible Iranian film you'd ever find. I really hoped it would find a bigger audience. I showed it to my two oldest daughters a few years ago, when they were 11 and 9, and they were into it.

Michael Guillen said...

Thanks for stopping by to comment, Russell. That's neat to hear that you shared the film with your daughters and that they were into it.